Which Diet is The Best to Eat For Someone With Diabetes?
Ask Dana: Which Diet is The Best to Eat For Someone With Diabetes
I have had Type 1 diabetes for over 20 years and have always struggled to have good control. My husband was recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and was told by his doctor to eat a low carb diet. He has done really well – he has lost weight and lowered his A1C. I have tried to follow along with him to be supportive and I’ve noticed that my blood sugars have improved as well. But, I was always told to follow a balanced diet and include carbohydrates so now I am really confused. There is so much information online about a keto diet, a paleo diet and even a vegan diet. So, I just want to know what is the best way for me to eat for my diabetes? Confused in Connecticut!
– Caroline Kelly, Danbury, Connecticut
First of all, congrats to you and your husband. It takes a lot of work and dedication to focus on your health and improve your diabetes management. Many people living with both Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes may benefit by following a low-carb diet. For this discussion, however, I will focus on your question about following a low-carb diet for someone living with Type 1 diabetes. You may notice a decreased spike in your blood sugar after a low-carb meal compared to a high-carb meal. The decreased blood sugars after meals will lead to less variability (less lows and less highs) of your blood sugars and you may spend more time with blood sugars in a normal range. You might also find that you need less insulin for corrections after meals and need less insulin for your meals in general. All of this can help with weight management and maybe even improve your mood and attitude towards your diabetes. In short, it can be easier to manage diabetes following a lower-carb diet.
However, it is important to find the diet that works for you that you feel good following and one that you can sustain over the long term. A low-carb diet can be challenging for meal planning and can leave you feeling deprived of certain foods you enjoy. You may also notice that you miss carbohydrates for fast energy for exercise or endurance activities. And, it is important to remember that healthy, fiber-rich carbohydrates provide us with important vitamins and minerals that provide benefit towards gut health and disease prevention. One thing is for certain, you will need to learn new insulin strategies for meals with high protein and high fat and limited carbohydrates to avoid low blood sugars or delayed increases in blood sugars.
As someone living with diabetes, there is no one diet that works for everyone. Learning what works best for you and your health is an important part of your diabetes management. At IDS, we can help you find that nutrition balance with a focus on long-term health and the best possible diabetes management. If you would like some more personalized guidance, give us a call!
Dana is a Certified Diabetes Care & Education Specialist and Registered Dietitian. She holds certifications in insulin pump therapy and obesity interventions for adults. Dana received a Master’s in Public Health at the University of Illinois at Chicago after receiving a Bachelor’s in Science with Honors at the University of Texas at Austin. After college, Dana served as an AmeriCorp volunteer on a variety of health education initiatives and played a key role in establishing the first school-based health clinic in the city of Chicago.