Diabetes News from Around the Web

Diabetes News -- ScienceDaily

Learn about early diabetes symptoms, diabetic diet information, diabetes care, type 1 diabetes, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Read the latest medical research on diabetes.

Obesity resulted in as much as 47 percent more life-years lost than tobacco, and tobacco caused similar life-years lost as high blood pressure, new research has shown.
Posted: April 22, 2017, 2:16 pm
A high-fat diet and obesity turn 'hero' virus-fighting liver immune cells 'rogue,' leading to insulin resistance, a condition that often results in type 2 diabetes, according to research.
Posted: April 22, 2017, 1:08 am
Excess sugar -- especially the fructose in sugary drinks -- might damage your brain, new research suggests. Researchers found that people who drink sugary beverages frequently are more likely to have poorer memory, smaller overall brain volume, and a significantly smaller hippocampus. A follow-up study found that people who drank diet soda daily were almost three times as likely to develop stroke and dementia when compared to those who did not.
Posted: April 20, 2017, 8:22 pm
During the first one and a half years of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the number of prescriptions filled by adults using Medicaid coverage increased by 19 percent in states that expanded Medicaid compared to states that did not, according to a new study. The largest increases were for medications to manage chronic conditions such as diabetes, and for birth control.
Posted: April 20, 2017, 6:17 pm
It was previously thought that bacteria only caused problems such as higher inflammation and higher blood glucose. But this is only half of the story. Now researchers have discovered that a specific component of bacteria actually lowers blood glucose and allows insulin to work better during obesity.
Posted: April 20, 2017, 5:25 pm
Non-obese Filipino Americans aged 50 and over have a much higher prevalence of diabetes than non-Hispanic white Americans (7.6 percent vs. 4.3 percent), new research concludes.
Posted: April 20, 2017, 1:00 pm
A new study adds to the growing body of evidence indicating that the source of dietary protein may play a role in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers found that plant protein was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, while persons with a diet rich in meat had a higher risk.
Posted: April 19, 2017, 1:16 pm
Two biomarkers -- urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate -- are used to identify those at higher risk of kidney failure. But many say those criteria miss a large proportion of patients who are at high risk of the disease and fail to predict accurately time of onset of ESRD. Now a research team has developed a prognostic tool that accurately predicts the risk of end stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Posted: April 18, 2017, 10:17 pm
Fewer people could be recommended for primary prevention statin therapy, including many younger adults with high long-term cardiovascular disease risk, if physicians adhere to the 2016 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for statin therapy compared with the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, according to a study.
Posted: April 18, 2017, 3:15 pm
The sympathetic nervous system, not white blood cells, is critically important in the regulation of energy expenditure and thermogenesis, researchers reveal in a new report.
Posted: April 17, 2017, 3:52 pm
Rates of new diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing among youth in the United States, according to a report.
Posted: April 14, 2017, 2:58 pm
A researcher is suggesting the types of cooking oils people consume may be sabotaging their efforts to stay healthy and avoid illnesses such as diabetes.
Posted: April 12, 2017, 2:13 pm
Greater consumption of fresh fruit was associated with a lower incidence of diabetes, as well as reduced occurrence of complications in people with diabetes, in a Chinese population.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 7:10 pm
A mechanism through which a mutation in the STAT3 gene leads to a disorder in the development of the pancreas and to infant diabetes has now been identified by researchers. The mutation causes the pancreatic cells that produce glucagon and insulin to differentiate too early.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 5:58 pm
Among adults who entered a study more than 25 years ago, an increasing number of midlife vascular risk factors, such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and smoking, were associated with elevated levels of brain amyloid (protein fragments linked to Alzheimer's disease) later in life, report researchers.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 5:08 pm
Researchers have identified a novel therapeutic target for retinal neovascularization, or abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina, a hallmark of advanced diabetic eye disease (proliferative diabetic retinopathy). The transcription factor RUNX1 was found in abnormal retinal blood vessels, and by inhibiting RUNX1 with a small molecule drug, the researchers achieved a 50 percent reduction of retinopathy in preclinical models.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 2:45 pm
What makes stevia taste so extremely sweet? And how does the sweetener keep our blood sugar level under control? Researchers have discovered that stevia stimulates a protein that is essential for our perception of taste and is involved in the release of insulin after a meal. These results create new possibilities for the treatment of diabetes.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 2:44 pm
A high concentration of indolepropionic acid in the serum protects against type 2 diabetes, shows a new study. Indolepropionic acid is a metabolite produced by intestinal bacteria, and its production is boosted by a fibre-rich diet. According to the researchers, the discovery provides additional insight into the role of intestinal bacteria in the interplay between diet, metabolism and health.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 1:01 pm
A new study has found a link between neurological birth defects in infants commonly found in pregnant women with diabetes and several neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases. This is the first time this link has been identified; it may indicate a new way to understand, and perhaps treat, both neural tube defects and these diseases.
Posted: April 10, 2017, 7:48 pm
Too much of a protein already associated with prostate cancer appears to also diminish the energy burning power of brown fat, scientists report.
Posted: April 10, 2017, 7:47 pm
A new review investigates the effects of avocados on different components of metabolic syndrome, which is a clustering of risk factors including high blood sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, and body mass index. These risk factors lead to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Posted: April 10, 2017, 3:07 pm
New research reveals that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases glucose metabolism in muscles as well as insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes. After just a two-week training period, the glucose uptake in thigh muscles returned to a normal level.
Posted: April 7, 2017, 2:35 pm
For decades, American waistlines have been expanding and there is increasing cause for alarm. Researchers now make the case that metabolic syndrome -- a cluster of three of more risk factors that include abdominal obesity, high triglycerides, high blood pressure, abnormal lipids, and insulin resistance, a precursor of type 2 diabetes -- is the new 'silent killer,' analogous to hypertension in the 1970s.
Posted: April 6, 2017, 1:15 pm
Patients who have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for more than two decades have a higher risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), new research concludes.
Posted: April 5, 2017, 6:42 pm
This research opens up an entirely new set of questions about the development of type 2 diabetes. Scientists show that known diversity in beta cells may be driven by differently aged beta cell populations within the pancreas.They also demonstrate that the aging of beta cells, with associated losses of their insulin secretion, can be accelerated by insulin resistance.
Posted: April 5, 2017, 3:20 pm
A simple test to determine a person's grip strength may be a predictor of developing metabolic disorders in middle or older age, a new cross-continental study has found.
Posted: April 5, 2017, 12:41 pm
The impact of low and high birth weights in developing Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), a chronic disease that often leads to a need for organ transplantation, has been demonstrated in a new research study.
Posted: April 4, 2017, 4:50 pm
Researchers have discovered a unique metabolic 'signature' in the urine of diabetic, obese black teenagers that they say may become a way to predict the development of type 2 diabetes in people at risk.
Posted: April 4, 2017, 2:48 pm
Doctors should add an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to their hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) when they screen high-risk children for prediabetes and diabetes, new research suggests.
Posted: April 4, 2017, 2:48 pm
Mothers who gain weight in the years leading up to pregnancy have an increased risk of gestational diabetes. Women gaining more than 2.5 percent of their body weight each year tripled their risk of gestational diabetes compared to women who maintained a stable weight. This risk doubled for women with a small weight gain (1.5 to 2.5 percent). Even women with small weight gains within the healthy BMI range doubled their risk of gestational diabetes.
Posted: April 4, 2017, 2:47 pm
Americans of South Asian descent are twice as likely as whites to have risks for heart disease, stroke and diabetes, when their weight is in the normal range, according to a study.
Posted: April 3, 2017, 11:31 pm
People with type 2 diabetes who are “night owls” and prefer the evening for activity report having more symptoms of depression than those who are early to bed and early to rise, regardless of the quality of their sleep, a new study finds.
Posted: April 3, 2017, 6:06 pm
Mothers who binge drink before they become pregnant may be more likely to have children with high blood sugar and other changes in glucose function that increase their risk of developing diabetes as adults, according to a new study.
Posted: April 3, 2017, 12:31 pm
In the ultimate betrayal, one's own immune system can turn against the protective sheath that envelops neurons in the brain, leaving the body paralyzed. Researchers have developed an experimental treatment that tames the wayward immune system in rodents, returning the power of movement to paralyzed mice. The approach may someday combat autoimmune diseases in humans.
Posted: April 3, 2017, 12:30 pm
An online metabolic calculator predicts people's risk of developing heart disease and diabetes more accurately than traditional methods, a large new study has found. The tool's creator hopes it will prompt people to make lifestyle changes that would spare them the suffering and expense of avoidable illnesses.
Posted: March 30, 2017, 3:49 pm
Since the discovery in 2009 that brown fat can be active in adult humans, researchers around the world have worked to unveil ways to switch on this fat. Scientists have now identified a new route to throw the switch.
Posted: March 29, 2017, 4:26 pm
New research into role statins play in lowering risk of venous thromboembolism suggest statins could “significantly reduce” the occurrence of blood clotting in certain parts of the body.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 4:06 pm
Selenoprotein P, a kind of hepatokine hormone secreted from the liver, has been found, through experiments with cultured muscle cells and mice and through clinical studies, to cause pathology named 'exercise resistance,' which prevents health promotion by physical exercise. The present results elucidate one of the reasons why individual responsiveness to exercise differs markedly as well as shed lights on development of therapy for lifestyle diseases due to lack of exercise, obesity and type-2 diabetes.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 12:29 pm
A team of scientists has identified a new class of compounds that reduce production of glucose in the liver, which is linked to type 2 diabetes, the form of diabetes considered responsible for close to 95 percent of cases in the United States.
Posted: March 27, 2017, 6:28 pm
Can a large-scale, primary care-based teleretinal diabetic retinopathy screening (TDRS) program reduce wait times for screening and improve the timeliness of care in the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, the largest publicly operated county safety net health care system in the United States?
Posted: March 27, 2017, 5:12 pm
Researchers have found -- for the first time -- that a diet yielding high amounts of the short-chain fatty acids acetate and butyrate provided a beneficial effect on the immune system and protected against type 1 or juvenile diabetes.
Posted: March 27, 2017, 5:12 pm
A significant finding has been made that has the potential to contribute to the identification of biological markers that predict the development of Type 1 diabetes, a chronic autoimmune disease.
Posted: March 27, 2017, 2:06 pm
Certain antidepressants and anti-seizure drugs are among medications that effectively treat diabetic nerve pain, a federal health agency has found.
Posted: March 24, 2017, 11:23 pm
Neurologists are conducting an 18-month clinical trial testing a type of insulin delivered in a nasal spray – which is used to treat diabetes in some patients – in the Study of Nasal Insulin to Fight Forgetfulness (SNIFF).
Posted: March 24, 2017, 11:23 pm
New research findings suggest that one of the most important risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, which is excess total and central fat in the body, is present relatively early in survivors of childhood brain tumors. This may program their future risk of these diseases and impact their outcomes.
Posted: March 24, 2017, 2:50 pm
Diabetics have a significantly higher risk of suffering a heart attack. A research team has now identified one of the causes: Diabetes is associated with the loss of small blood vessels around the heart. This in turn affects the entire cardiac muscle. A genetic therapy that promotes the growth of blood vessels may offer a remedy.
Posted: March 23, 2017, 2:57 pm
A new molecule that induces the formation of abnormal blood vessels in the eyes of diabetic mice has been discovered by researchers. Their study suggests that inhibiting this molecule may prevent similarly aberrant blood vessels from damaging the vision of not only diabetics, but also premature infants.
Posted: March 22, 2017, 2:49 pm
For parents, storing their newborn baby's umbilical cord blood is a way to preserve potentially lifesaving cells. Now, a group of researchers has found a way to expand and preserve certain cord-blood cells as a potential treatment for type 1 diabetes.
Posted: March 22, 2017, 2:36 pm
Insulin resistance, caused in part by obesity and physical inactivity, is also linked to a more rapid decline in cognitive performance, new research suggests.
Posted: March 21, 2017, 4:25 pm
Like almost all light-sensitive living beings, human beings follow biological rhythms set on a period of about 24 hours. The circadian clock therefore describes the internal system that allows us to anticipate the changes of day and night by regulating nearly all the aspects of our physiology and behavior. At a time when our biological rhythms are increasingly undermined - whether by night work, jetlag, or societal habits, - scientists begin to unveil the impact such circadian misalignments may have in the explosion of metabolic diseases.
Posted: March 20, 2017, 1:04 pm
How do mammals keep two biologically crucial metabolites in balance during times when they are feeding, sleeping, and fasting? The answer may require rewriting some textbooks, say investigators.
Posted: March 17, 2017, 5:16 pm
Immune cells which are reduced in number by obesity could be a new target to treat diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension that affect overweight people, according to a collaborative study.
Posted: March 17, 2017, 12:25 pm
A less strenuous form of exercise known as whole-body vibration (WBV) can mimic the muscle and bone health benefits of regular exercise in mice, according to a new study. WBV consists of a person sitting, standing or lying on a machine with a vibrating platform. When the machine vibrates, it transmits energy to the body, and muscles contract and relax multiple times during each second.
Posted: March 15, 2017, 6:38 pm
Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with intensive medical treatment using oral medications, insulin and lifestyle therapies, according to a study.
Posted: March 15, 2017, 6:06 pm
Women over 75 faced a 33 percent higher chance of developing diabetes if they were taking statins, new Australian research shows. The risk increased to 51 percent for those on high doses. Clinicians are urged to be aware of the risks when prescribing and carefully monitor elderly female patients.
Posted: March 15, 2017, 1:45 pm
More than 87,000 chemicals are available commercially in the U.S., including analogues of bisphenol A (BPA), an industrial chemical that is used in consumer products. A research team has studied BPA and other chemicals and their effects on humans and animals for more than 20 years. Now, they have released Integrative Environmental Medicine, a comprehensive book outlining practical resources and tools, such as websites and smartphone apps, to help health care practitioners promote healthier choices for themselves and their patients.
Posted: March 14, 2017, 11:04 pm
A drug commonly prescribed to pregnant women with a history of delivering babies early provides no benefit. In fact, this drug may even increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes.
Posted: March 14, 2017, 11:02 pm
Researchers have created datasets that map the three-dimensional distribution and volume of the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The wealth of visual and quantitative information may serve as powerful reference resource for diabetes researchers.
Posted: March 14, 2017, 5:54 pm
Scientists have developed a convenient and accurate sweat-based glucose monitoring and maintenance device.
Posted: March 13, 2017, 2:24 pm
Researchers found that feeding resveratrol to obese mice over a period of 6 weeks altered the makeup of the bacteria in their intestines, improving glucose tolerance. A second experiment, involving fecal transplant from resveratrol fed mice to obese mice with insulin resistance, led to much more dramatic and rapid effects.
Posted: March 9, 2017, 6:23 pm