Learn about early diabetes symptoms, diabetic diet information, diabetes care, type 1 diabetes, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Read the latest medical research on diabetes.
Obesity is associated with reduced muscle mass and impaired metabolism. Epigenetic changes that affect the formation of new muscle cells may be a contributing factor, according to new research.
Posted: February 22, 2017, 1:26 pm
Scientists have struggled to trace the specific biology behind diabetes-associated heart disease risk or find ways to intervene. Now, researchers have hunted down a possible culprit -- a protein called IRS-1, which is crucial for the smooth muscle cells that make up veins and arteries.
Posted: February 21, 2017, 6:07 pm
The community of microorganisms that resides in the gut, known as the microbiome, has been shown to work in tandem with the genes of a host organism to regulate insulin secretion, a key variable in the onset of the metabolic disease diabetes, new research has found.
Posted: February 17, 2017, 9:10 pm
The global proliferation of overweight and obese people and people with type 2 diabetes is often associated with the consumption of saturated fats. Scientists have found that even the one-off consumption of a greater amount of palm oil reduces the body's sensitivity to insulin and causes increased fat deposits as well as changes in the energy metabolism of the liver.
Posted: February 16, 2017, 7:39 pm
Alpha cells in the pancreas can be induced in living mice to quickly and efficiently become insulin-producing beta cells when the expression of just two genes is blocked, according to a study.
Posted: February 16, 2017, 6:03 pm
A small pilot study, in which researchers attempted to slow attacks mounted by the immune system on insulin-producing cells in type 1 diabetes, has given promising results, report investigators.
Posted: February 16, 2017, 3:55 pm
A two-drug cocktail provided better protection against diabetes-related vision loss than a single drug during testing in rat models, a team of researchers has found.
Posted: February 16, 2017, 3:40 pm
Results of a randomized clinical trial shows a periodic, five-day fasting diet designed by a esearcher safely reduced the risk factors for heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other age-related diseases.
Posted: February 16, 2017, 3:39 pm
Scientists have shown that deleting the gene for this protein, known as IP6K1, protects animal models from both obesity and diabetes.
Posted: February 15, 2017, 6:04 pm
Keeping blood sugar levels within a safe range is key to managing both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In a new finding that could lead to fewer complications for diabetes patients, researchers have found that changes in the size of mitochondria in a small subset of brain cells play a crucial role in safely maintaining blood sugar levels.
Posted: February 15, 2017, 5:10 pm
A study has found that a pattern of gene variants associated with a body type, in which weight is deposited around the abdomen, rather than in the hips and thighs, increases the risk for type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, as well as the incidence of several cardiovascular risk factors. abdominal
Posted: February 14, 2017, 9:28 pm
While diet, exercise and behavior modification are essential components of obesity management, a successful long-term weight loss strategy should also include avoiding or minimizing medication-related weight gain, according to a new report.
Posted: February 14, 2017, 2:26 pm
Many genetic mutations have been linked to type 2 diabetes, but no clear genetic signature has emerged. Now, new results may explain how multiple genetic flaws can lead to the same disease: They seem to change the way certain cells in the pancreas 'read' their genes.
Posted: February 13, 2017, 8:13 pm
A new study has found that patients with diabetes suffering from the early stages of kidney disease have a deficiency of the protective 'anti-aging' hormone, Klotho.
Posted: February 13, 2017, 1:38 pm
It is now possible to reprogram cells from the liver into the precursor cells that give rise to the pancreas by altering the activity of a single gene. A team of researchers has now accomplished this feat in mice. Their results should make it feasible to help diabetic patients through cell therapy.
Posted: February 13, 2017, 1:37 pm
Medical researches have identified how insulin-producing cells that are typically destroyed in type 1 diabetes can change in order to survive immune attack. The finding may lead to strategies for recovering these cells in diabetic patients, said the researchers.
Posted: February 9, 2017, 6:35 pm
A new software tool that enhances measurement and analysis of energy production generated by human immune cells has been developed.
Posted: February 8, 2017, 8:01 pm
Losing weight through surgical approaches appears to reset chemical messages that fat cells send, substantially reducing people's risk of developing type 2 diabetes, research finds.
Posted: February 8, 2017, 4:16 pm
Researchers have identified the function of olfactory receptors in the human heart muscle, such as are also present in the nose. One of the receptors reacts to fatty acids that occur in the blood, in patients with diabetes significantly above the normal range. If a fatty acid activates the receptor, it triggers a negative effect: the heart rate and the force of muscular contraction are reduced.
Posted: February 8, 2017, 2:40 pm
Latino children who live in areas with higher levels of air pollution have a heightened risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. Scientists tracked children's health and respective levels of residential air pollution for about 3.5 years before associating chronic unhealthy air exposure to a breakdown in beta cells, special pancreatic cells that secrete insulin and maintain the appropriate sugar level in the bloodstream.
Posted: February 7, 2017, 7:26 pm
Sitting may not be as deadly as previously thought, with new research ruling out sitting as a direct cause of diabetes.
Posted: February 7, 2017, 4:16 pm
New details of the aging process have been uncovered by a research team. They discovered an altered balance between certain signaling molecules in the smooth muscle cells of blood vessels and the heart. The team also discovered a new class of drugs that combats an important part of the aging process.
Posted: February 7, 2017, 4:01 pm
In photographs of the eye used to screen for diabetes-related eye disease, separating out the red color channel can help show some abnormalities -- especially in racial/ethnic minority patients, suggests a study.
Posted: February 3, 2017, 8:16 pm
Researchers are hoping photographs taken by women in Ghana of what people eat and drink in their communities will encourage them to make healthier diet choices. Ghana, like many other African countries, is currently experiencing rapid change, a key one being increasing migration to cities.
Posted: February 1, 2017, 2:34 pm
Research supports an evidence-based medicine (EBM) approach that embraces individualized care to prevent overtreatment, specifically for patients with type 2 diabetes.
Posted: January 31, 2017, 7:56 pm
Heart disease patients taking PCSK9 inhibitors to achieve very low levels of cholesterol do not experience an increase in adverse events, including memory impairment or nervous system disorders, but may have an increased risk of cataracts, according to a study.
Posted: January 31, 2017, 12:56 pm
Endocrinologists and neurologists from both sides of the Atlantic and teamed up with the American Diabetes Association to craft a new position statement on the prevention, treatment and management of diabetic neuropathy.
Posted: January 31, 2017, 3:47 am
People infected with HIV may be more susceptible to developing diabetes, suggests new research.
Posted: January 31, 2017, 3:47 am
Throughout our lives, our genes are affected by the way we live. Diet, exercise, age and diseases create imprints that are stored in something called methylome. Now, for the first time, researchers have been able to map the entire methylome in the pancreatic islets which produce insulin, and the researchers have made several important discoveries.
Posted: January 30, 2017, 3:01 pm
Patients and their doctors should be aware that the onset of diabetes, or a rapid deterioration in existing diabetes that requires more aggressive treatment, could be a sign of early, hidden pancreatic cancer.
Posted: January 30, 2017, 3:02 am
Researchers who developed and tested a revolutionary laboratory technique that allows for the endless growth of normal and diseased cells in a laboratory are publicly sharing how the technique works.
Posted: January 26, 2017, 5:01 pm
Insulin resistance, a predictor of cardiovascular risk and the development of diabetes, may be modulated with even modest levels of physical activity, new research indicates.
Posted: January 26, 2017, 4:36 pm
Diabetes now makes up 12 percent of US deaths, a higher number than previously thought, according to new research.
Posted: January 25, 2017, 7:58 pm
Mouse pancreases grown in rats generate functional, insulin-producing cells that can reverse diabetes when transplanted into mice with the disease, according to researchers.
Posted: January 25, 2017, 7:58 pm
HIV-positive people who received healthy food and snacks for six months were more likely to adhere to their medication regimens, and they, as well as people with type 2 diabetes, were less depressed and less likely to make trade-offs between food and healthcare, according to a new study.
Posted: January 25, 2017, 7:58 pm
To understand how metformin changes the biology of cancer cells, researchers have tested tumor cells before and after metformin treatment in non-diabetic cancer patients.
Posted: January 25, 2017, 2:17 pm
An international team of researchers and clinicians has published a set of guidelines to help people with type 1 diabetes exercise safely to avoid fluctuations in blood sugar. The guidelines on glucose targets for safe and effective exercising as well as nutritional and insulin dose adjustments to prevent exercise-related fluctuations in blood sugar appear in a new report.
Posted: January 24, 2017, 4:14 pm
Use of a sensor implanted under the skin that continuously monitors glucose levels resulted in improved levels in patients with type 1 diabetes who inject insulin multiple times a day, compared to conventional treatment, new research has concluded.
Posted: January 24, 2017, 4:13 pm
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has become a global epidemic. There is not only a great interest worldwide to understand the causes and consequences of fatty liver disease, but also to diagnose fatty liver disease at an early stage. Researchers have now generated a new index from clinical data which can predict the presence of fatty liver disease with high accuracy.
Posted: January 23, 2017, 5:55 pm
Newly published research has focused on Latino patients with type 2 diabetes. More than 3.1 million Latinos in the United States have diabetes and require daily medication use.
Posted: January 23, 2017, 4:52 pm
A new study has identified two new types of microRNA (miRNA) that improved hyperglycemia in a mouse model of diabetes by stimulating the proliferation of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. This is a key finding that may lead to the development of new diabetes treatment strategies, say researchers.
Posted: January 21, 2017, 12:36 am
People with Type 1 diabetes exhibit inflammation in the digestive tract and gut bacteria, a pattern that differs from individuals who do not have diabetes or those who have celiac disease, according to a new study.
Posted: January 19, 2017, 9:34 pm
Obesity is one of the most significant threats to health in the U.S. and is responsible for the development of multiple serious medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease and some forms of cancer. Yet obesity is barely covered in medical training, according to a new study. The licensing exams for graduating medical students have a surprisingly limited number of test items about obesity prevention and treatment.
Posted: January 19, 2017, 9:32 pm
How much do different bacterial species contribute to disease-associated imbalances in the human microbiome? A new computational method, dubbed FishTaco, is helping find out. The method looks at which microbes are present and what they are doing. Understanding imbalances in say, the human gut microbiome, might eventually suggest new ways to manage obesity, type 2 diabetes, or autoimmune diseases.
Posted: January 19, 2017, 6:45 pm
A team led by scientists has developed a versatile new method that should enhance the discovery of new drugs and the study of proteins.
Posted: January 19, 2017, 5:54 pm
Synthetic chemicals commonly found in insecticides and garden products bind to the receptors that govern our biological clocks researchers have found.
Posted: January 19, 2017, 5:02 pm
Statins could hold the key to eradicating one of the most preventable causes of hospital deaths after researchers uncovered a new role for the cholesterol-lowering pill.
Posted: January 19, 2017, 3:02 pm
Gestational diabetes raises the risk of postpartum depression in first-time mothers, researcher have concluded.
Posted: January 18, 2017, 5:52 pm
Treatment for certain diabetes cases involves constant monitoring of blood-glucose levels and daily insulin shots. But scientists are now developing a painless 'smart' patch that monitors blood glucose and releases insulin when levels climb too high. The device has been tested on mice.
Posted: January 18, 2017, 3:38 pm
Researchers address the possible but unproven link between statins and diabetes, as well as the implications of prescription of statins for clinicians and their patients. They emphasize that the risk of diabetes, even if real, pales in comparison to the benefits of statins in both the treatment and primary prevention of heart attacks and strokes.
Posted: January 18, 2017, 1:34 pm
Researchers have identified a molecular signaling pathway that, when blocked, promotes sensory neuron growth and prevents or reverses peripheral neuropathy in cell and rodent models of type 1 and 2 diabetes, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy and HIV.
Posted: January 18, 2017, 12:27 am
Among adults in China, those with diabetes diagnosed in middle age lose, on average, nine years of life compared with those without diabetes, according to new research.
Posted: January 17, 2017, 7:01 pm
An FDA-approved drug has been identified that can create the elusive and beneficial brown fat. Mice treated with the drug had more brown fat, faster metabolisms, and lower body weight gain, even after being fed a high-calorie diet. The researchers say the technique, which uses cellular reprogramming, could be a new way to combat obesity and type II diabetes.
Posted: January 17, 2017, 7:01 pm
As commuters shimmy past large, lumbering trucks on the road, they may glance over and wonder, “How safe is that driver next to me?” If the truck driver is in poor health, the answer could be: Not very. Commercial truck drivers with three or more medical conditions double to quadruple their chance for being in a crash than healthier drivers, reports a new study.
Posted: January 17, 2017, 1:38 pm
When we eat, we do not just take in nutrients -- we also consume a significant quantity of bacteria. The body is faced with the challenge of simultaneously distributing the ingested glucose and fighting these bacteria. This triggers an inflammatory response that activates the immune systems of healthy individuals and has a protective effect, as doctors have proven for the first time. In overweight individuals, however, this inflammatory response fails so dramatically that it can lead to diabetes.
Posted: January 16, 2017, 5:19 pm
A urine test has been developed that measures the health of a person's diet. This test could be the first independent indicator of the quality of a person's diet, and what they are really eating, say the researchers.
Posted: January 13, 2017, 2:59 am
Can your smart watch detect when you are becoming sick? A new study indicates that this is possible. By following 60 people through their everyday lives, researchers found that smart watches and other personal biosensor devices can help flag when people have colds and even signal the onset of complex conditions like Lyme disease and diabetes.
Posted: January 12, 2017, 7:11 pm
People with early schizophrenia are at an increased risk of developing diabetes, even when the effects of antipsychotic drugs, diet and exercise are taken out of the equation, according to a new analysis.
Posted: January 12, 2017, 4:57 pm
Just one session of interval weight-training can improve the risk of Type 2 diabetes complications, according to a new study. This is encouraging news for those starting the New Year with good intentions.
Posted: January 11, 2017, 2:14 pm
Researchers are developing a portable device for detecting type 1 or type 2 diabetes at an early stage. The ultimate aim of the project is to develop a prototype of the device.
Posted: January 10, 2017, 5:11 pm